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00000179-65ef-d8e2-a9ff-f5ef8d430000The Hanford Nuclear Reservation in southeast Washington was home to Native Americans and later to settlers. It turned into an top-secret military workhorse during World War II and the Cold War. Now, it’s one of the most pressing and complex environmental cleanup challenges humanity is facing in the world.This remote area in southeast Washington is where the federal government made plutonium for bombs during WWII and the Cold War. It’s now home to some of the most toxic contamination on earth, a witch’s brew of chemicals, radioactive waste and defunct structures. In central Hanford, leaking underground tanks full of radioactive sludge await a permanent solution. Meanwhile, a massive $12 billion waste treatment plant, designed to bind up that tank waste into more stable glass logs, has a troubled history.00000179-65ef-d8e2-a9ff-f5ef8d440000Anna King is public radio's correspondent in Richland, Washington, covering the seemingly endless complexities of the Hanford Nuclear Reservation.

Federal Report Says Hanford’s Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant Is Built With Questionable Parts

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ANNA KING/NW NEWS NETWORK
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A federal report says parts going into Hanford's Waste Treatment Plant are not properly documented to insure their safety for nuclear waste processing.

Like the crumbling gasket in your kitchen faucet, sometimes even small parts can mean a lot. Now, federal watchdogs are looking into all types of parts at a $17 billion construction project at the Hanford Nuclear Site.

The Inspector General for the U.S. Department of Energy has found a sample of parts going into a large waste treatment plant at Hanford had problems.

Specifically, parts are not documented properly to insure their safety for nuclear waste processing. The watchdog conducted a nearly year-long study, tracking 10 parts specifically all the way back to what they’re made of, and who manufactured them.

Bechtel is the lead company building the treatment plant that’s meant to process 56 million gallons of radioactive waste – waste that’s now stewing in aging underground tanks near the Columbia River.

And the company has been under fire for this same issue in the past.

In 2009 and in 2015, the Energy Department’s Office of River Protection reported significant issues with Bechtel properly documenting parts. And in 2010, well-known whistleblower Walter Tamosaitis, who worked for another Hanford contractor on the waste treatment plant, also raised concerns with some of the parts going into the plant. He later settled his case against the contractor URS.

This issue of not documenting or verifying the nuclear grade materials going into the Waste Treatment Plant is also playing out at another Energy site in South Carolina, the report says.  The report says this problem might be a nationwide issue for Energy at all its sites, from lack of “consistent oversight.”

Tom Carpenter with the Seattle-based watchdog group Hanford Challenge, says, “They [DOE and contractors] didn’t do anything. They just kept plugging away,” said Tom Carpenter with the Seattle-based watchdog group Hanford Challenge. “I sense a sense of panic by the Department [of Energy] to show some sort of progress. To almost paver over their failures to address serious safety problems.”

For its part, the Department of Energy says in its multi-page response to the inspector general’s report: “[DOE Office of Environmental Management] firmly stands behind the safety of the items and services that were the subject of the CGD packages at the two facilities that are addressed in the Draft Report, and EM is committed to ensuring that CGD packages continue to provide adequate information to document reasonable assurance that each item and service will perform its intended safety function.”

Federal contractor Bechtel said in an emailed statement Tuesday: "We stand with the Department of Energy behind the safety of Commercial Grade Dedication items and services at [the Waste Treatment Plant]."

The Waste Treatment Plant is scheduled to go online in 2023.